We received this question shortly after we published our first Q & A and in our research, it has provided valuable insight into the end times and has undoubtedly been the subject of much discussion among skeptics of the Bible.
So, what can the Scriptures tell us about Cain’s wife?
While the Scriptures don’t provide the name of Cain’s wife (as families in the Bible are often chronicled through the husband, with limited exception), they tell us much about her and her children.
As we mentioned in our last article, the daughters of men referred to the descendants of the exile Cain and the children of Adam who did not remain loyal to God. Consider the following verses.
“And Adam called his wife’s name Eve; because she was the mother of all living” (Gen. 3:20).
“And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, and after his image; and called his name Seth: And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and daughters” (Gen. 5:3, 4).
Understanding that Eve’s wife was the mother of all living and that she bore Adam many sons and daughters, we can see that Cain’s wife was one of Eve’s daughters who ultimately rejected the Lord and abandoned her family.
Born sometime after her brother Seth, Cain’s wife was taught the fear of the Lord in her childhood. But as she grew, she began to entertain doubts about the Lord. Despite learning about her parents’ painful experiences (their exile from Eden and the loss of Abel) and even beholding the angel who guarded the gate of the garden with a flaming sword (Gen. 3:24), she allowed her faith to lapse. It was in the time of this lapse that she met Cain.
This fateful encounter was the beginning of many. Cain taught her what he could not teach his righteous brother, whom he murdered. Man, he taught, is the highest source of authority and in his power, we should trust. It was this continuous exposure to godless teaching and living that eventually led the doubting daughter into the arms of Cain and away from her God and her family.
Together, Cain and his wife produced a generation that held to the same godless teachings they did. We can see this in the Scriptural testimony of his children.
“And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch…”
“And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle. And his brother’s name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ. And Zillah, she also bare Tubalcain, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and the sister of Tubalcain was Naamah”(Gen. 4:17, 20-22).
The descendants of Cain were indeed very progressive, inventing many devices that contributed to the world’s early development. But such development was made apart from God and by exalting man as their highest authority, particularly their godless father, they could not develop the godly character that would protect them from moral and societal degradation.
“And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah”
“And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech: for I have slain a man to my wounding, and a young man to my hurt” (Gen 4:19, 23).
Like their parents before them, the descendants of Cain violated the law of God to suit their own desires. They violated the marriage covenant and committed violent crimes against one another.
They, too, were not ignorant the existence of the God of heaven. They beheld the garden of Eden’s gate, the angelic guard, and even the godly character of the faithful children of Adam. But like Esau after them, they cared not for these things. They used everything that Cain taught Adam to pursue human progress and exalt themselves above all divine authority. It was this course that ultimately degraded the world and brought the judgment of the Flood upon it.
What can the family of Cain teach us in these end times?
Consider the progress of human history. After thousands of years of living with the many now-primitive means and methods of human civilization, how is it possible that we have advanced so rapidly since those times? Bible prophecy declared that it would happen.
“…many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.” (Dan. 12:4).
Like Cain and his rebellious generation, we have made many advancements (and at a very rapid rate). But we have not increased in the godly character that would deter the same ills of moral and societal degradation that prevailed in the antediluvian generation.
This generation is not ignorant of the Lord’s existence, for the knowledge of the Scriptures also increased since ancient times, especially our understanding of Bible prophecy. Even the sciences and our observation of the natural environment testify that our God is real.
“For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse” (Rom. 1:20).
But like the wife of Cain, many have forsaken this reasoning to exalt man as God. Genesis 6:4 testify that these were the two sources of authority striving for mastery at the time of Noah. “…when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.” (Gen. 6:4, underline supplied).
But as man continues to progress in every way except the one that matters, they continue to reap what Cain and his wife had sown: moral degradation and violence, among many other consequences of godless living. Will they not reap the same reward as they at the coming of Jesus?
“Thus saith the Lord; Cursed be the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from the Lord. For he shall be like the heath in the desert, and shall not see when good cometh; but shall inhabit the parched places in the wilderness, in a salt land and not inhabited. Blessed is the man that trusteth in the Lord, and whose hope the Lord is. For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and that spreadeth out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green; and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease from yielding fruit” (Jer. 17:5-8).